Understanding the Six Primary Hormones in Women

Hot flashes, low libido, weight gain, and mood swings are all common symptoms of perimenopause and menopause, but they could also indicate a general hormonal imbalance. As women age, their bodies naturally slow down the production of certain hormones. This causes an imbalance that can lead to the above symptoms as well as dozens of other ones. Understanding hormones in women is essential so you can start to feel better.

Beyond Estrogen: Hormones That Make a Woman Tick

Most women are aware of estrogen, the primary hormone in the female body. Common symptoms of low estrogen include breast tenderness, vaginal dryness, lack of desire for sex, insomnia, difficulty concentrating, and decreased bone density. The following hormones are also essential for long-term good health:

  • Progesterone: Balanced levels of progesterone are necessary to prevent symptoms associated with estrogen dominance. In addition to age-related hormone decline, stress, poor nutrition, insulin resistance, and a sedentary lifestyle can cause low levels of progesterone. Typical symptoms of unbalance include anxiety, depression, weight gain, and sleep disturbances.
  • Pregnenolone: This hormone controls the function of several others, most notably estrogen and progesterone. You will notice a marked drop in energy when pregnenolone declines since it produces up to 60 percent of the body’s energy.
  • Cortisol: Both men and women possess cortisol, which is also known as the stress hormone. That is because cortisol produces chemicals in your body that help you respond appropriately to stress. Fatigue, lack of focus, and mood disturbances are common with cortisol imbalances.
  • Testosterone: While this is the primary hormone of men, women also have it in smaller amounts. Testosterone in women is necessary for muscle definition, energy, bone strength, and experiencing pleasure from sex.
  • Thyroid: People can experience either too little of this hormone (hypothyroidism) or too much (hyperthyroidism), although the first type is more common. Hot flashes, cold sensations, weight gain, and dozens of other symptoms can be traced to thyroid deficiencies.

Now that you have a better understanding of the role of women’s hormones, we at Nova Health Therapy would be happy to discuss your treatment options in more detail.